- South Africa
- Congo DRC
FLAG: The upper half is red, the lower half black; in the center, a five-pointed yellow star and half a yellow cogwheel are crossed by a yellow machete.
ANTHEM: Angola Avanti.
HISTORY: Angola was inhabited first by people of the Khoisan group (Bushmen), and then by various Bantu peoples from farther north as well as east between 1300 and 1600. By the 15th century, several African kingdoms had developed in the area; the most notable included the kingdoms of the Kongo and Mbundu peoples. The Portuguese arrived on the coast in the late 15th century, and Luanda was founded as a trading settlement in 1575. The Portuguese developed trade with African nations, particularly with the Mbundu, whose ruler was called the ngola (from which the name of Angola comes). The slave trade assumed paramount importance during the 17th century, when slaves were carried to Portuguese plantations in Brazil.
TOURISM, TRAVEL, AND RECREATION: A valid passport, visa, and International Certificate of Vaccination against yellow fever and cholera are required.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Calandula Waterfalls: Witness the impressive spectacle of the Calandula Waterfalls, located in the Malanje area. The views are particularly mighty at the end of the rainy season.
Coastal forts: See the many coastal forts, including the famous Fort Sao Miguel, built in 1789 to serve as a slave depot and residence for the Portuguese community.
Humbi-Humbi art gallery: See the cultural delights within the Humbi-Humbi art gallery in Luanda.
Ilha beaches: Enjoy the bay that Luanda is built around - the Ilha beaches are five minutes from the centre of the city.
Kissama National Park: Stay in a bungalow in the middle of Kissama National Park (www.kissama.org), 70km (45 miles) south of Luanda. The park is home to a great variety of wild animals, including the rare black palanca antelope which can only be found in Angola.
Luanda: Explore the capital, Luanda. The main places to visit are the fortress (containing the Museum of Armed Forces) and the National Museum of Anthropology.
Museum of Slavery: Gain a historical insight at the Museum of Slavery, 25km (16 miles) along the coast from Luanda.
Palmeirinhas: See the magnificent scenery of Palmeirinhas, a long, deserted beach approximately 45km (28 miles) south of Luanda. Visitors should note that bathing here is hazardous.
Santiago: Go fishing at Santiago beach, 45km (28 miles) north of Luanda.